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1.2. Scales – Part 1

I’m glad to see you here 🤚.
Keep the motion 😉!

What is Scale?

You are probably asking – why do we need those strange notes we talked about last time 🤔? Because Note is a building block of a Scale. Here we go:

Scale is as a palette of notes to pick melody from!

Let’s start with the Diatonic scales (Diatonic means scale with 7 notes):


This is the first scale you must know!
Let’s look at C Major scale 👇. The simplest one, because it’s the white keys on the keyboard starting at C note!

Tip: The tinted(dark) color of selected note is used to show the root note.

Note: Major always sounds happy ☺.

This C Major scale has a special formula between notes:

  1. The root note – C.
  2. We go up a whole tone for the next note D skipping the note between them (in this case, C#).
  3. One more  whole tone for the next note E (skipping D#).
  4. Instead of going up a whole tone, we go 1 semitone up to F.
  5. One more whole tone for the next one G (skipping F#).
  6. Whole tone> again – to A (skipping G#).
  7. Another whole tone – to B (skipping A#).
  8. Finally – one semitone up – to the next C.

Now you can play and repeat it forever😀.

By the way, formula of the scale can be written in a shorter way, where W stands for Whole Tone and S stands for Semitone:

W W S W W W S – Major Scale

That means: Root ->; Add Whole Tone -> Add Whole Tone -> Add Semitone -> Add Whole Tone -> Add Whole Tone -> Add Whole Tone -> Add Semitone.

If you want to start the major scale at different notes you can do it by using the same pattern.

Let’s look at D Major scale:

I hope 😝 you can see that the D major scale uses some of the black keys to preserve the same pattern of semitones and whole tones as the C major scale:

  1. D – Root
  2. Add whole tone = E (skipping D#)
  3. Add whole tone = F# (skipping F)
  4. Add semitone = G
  5. Add whole tone = A (skipping G#)
  6. Add whole tone = B (skipping A#)
  7. Add whole tone = C# (skipping C)
  8. Add semitone = Root again – D

You can do it for any note!

Tip: To build any scale(including major) from any note – use the Tools->Scales in main menu.

Our next stop is the discovering of F# Major scare:

Hmm 🤔, as you remember F# = Gb, so we must specify when to use # and when to use b.
Actually, you can use either. So, let’s look at 2 possible options:

F# Major scale:

Gb Major scale:

Yup, no mistake, they are actually the same 😅 BUT..

Attention : A lot of concepts here! Be careful to get everything right! These concepts are applicable to any diatonic scale, not only major!

The first thing you should use when naming your scale is Alphabet 😳.

Remember the rule. Next Note = Next Letter.
For example, we started our F# Major scale from F#. The next note would be some sort of G, no matter what (because the G letter goes after F letter). After assigning the letter to the note, we can add some accidentals(flats or sharps) to get the proper distance from the previous note 😱😱😱. Sounds scary, but it’s not. Example is a savior:

Let’s assign the names to F# Major scale:

1.Root – F#:

2. We add a whole tone to F# – that’s where magic happens. We should decide G# or Ab. Again, the rule: Next note = next letter. Therefore, we assign the G# because G goes after F in the alphabet:

3.Same things happen with the other notes till the special one:

How would you name that ? note 🤔?

You probably answered: “That’s ez. No accidentals. White note. Ofc this is F!!!!”.


If we assigned the F – it would break the rule. As you know, after D goes E, not F. That’s why we can’t use F.

So what to do? We should move up E till it reaches the F. Here is E:

We can raise it X-semitones up, by adding the # (sharps), as you remember 😅. In this case we raise it by 1 semitone to reach the F. After that, we get E#:

Tip: In some cases we should raise or lower more than 1 semitone. It is nothing wrong with using multiple sharps and flats. For example, E### is the same as G.

Now, you have one opportunity, one chance to 😅.. To try naming the Gb Major scale by yourself. Then check it with the answer. If something is not clear – read the topic again 😉.



Nothing special here, but Cb. We used the rule one more time. After B goes C, and we lowered it one semitone down, by adding b (flat).
Simple as 💣💣💣💣.

So, congrats, you made a nice job if you are here 🤝.

Take a break and chill out. To summarize, we observed only Major scale, but it is important to know the naming basics. Part 2 will continue the talk about diatonic scales 😉.

P.S. If I saved your time, you can save mine by purchasing No Ads in main menu 🙏🙏🙏. I will have more motivation and resources to make the app better. Thanks 😇.

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